She told me about her father taking her to Broxbourne in Hertfordshire for the Victoria Club's weekend camps and the camp songs they would sing.

These songs were written by an 18 year old club member named Lionel Begleiter. He changed his name to Lionel Bart and went on to write musical hits like 'Oliver'. With increasing prosperity many Jews moved out to the leafier suburbs, and today only some 3000 - mostly elderly - Jews remain in the East End.

On the left is a recent photo of the interior of Fieldgate Street Synagogue.

The Ashkenazi immigrants were often illiterate, poor and regarded as an embarrassment by co-religionists already settled here.

These Ashkenazi Jews had fled to the West as refugees from Russian persecution.

Between 1881 - 1914 approximately 3,000,000 Jews left Russia.

Most went to the United States, but some 100,000 came to the UK.

Living conditions were often cramped and unsanitary.

For more on this take a look at Lloyd P Gartner's book 'The Jewish Immigrant in England 1870 to 1914'.On page's 156 and 157 of my copy he tells the story of early slum clearance and a company called The Four Per Cent Industrial Dwellings Company Ltd that set about trying to improve living conditions.See the photo on the left of an arch in Wentworth Street dating from 1886 that commemorates the work of this company, and read a little more detail about them here: On the left is a photo of a Chumash containing the book of Exodus spotted recently in Fieldgate Street Synagogue.Bevis Marks is believed to be the UK's oldest synagogue and it opened in 1701.Sephardi refers to Jews of Spanish/Portuguese origin. The earliest Jewish settlers in the UK were Sephardi.are you a visitor to London, or maybe a family/individual/club/organisation wishing to discover the Jewish East End of London or Jewish Soho in London's West End?